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March 2021

Swelling in the feet and ankles is common during pregnancy, when your body naturally retains more fluids and exerts extra pressure on your lower limbs. However, swollen ankles can be uncomfortable and unpleasant. You may be able to reduce ankle swelling by avoiding standing for prolonged periods of time and by frequently resting and elevating your feet. While sitting, gently rotate and flex your feet at the ankles to stretch and strengthen the calf muscles. Participating in regular, low impact physical activities, like walking, riding a stationary bike, or swimming may also help reduce ankle swelling. For more information about pregnancy and foot health, please consult with a podiatrist.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Pregnancy and Foot Health
Published in Blog
Sunday, 28 March 2021 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Published in Blog
Monday, 22 March 2021 00:00

Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

The Achilles tendon is a collection of fibrous tissues that connect the heel bone to the calf muscles. This tendon is responsible for our ability to walk, run, and jump, but it is very vulnerable to injury from athletic activities that put excess strain on the tendon. The three most common types of Achilles tendon injuries are an Achilles tendon tear, an Achilles tendon rupture, and Achilles tendonitis. An Achilles tendon tear, in which the tendon tears slightly, is characterized by intense pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected ankle. An Achilles tendon rupture, in which the tendon tears completely, may make a popping or snapping sound at the time of injury, cause severe pain, and make walking extremely difficult. Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. It usually causes burning pain in the calf and heel that intensifies during physical activity. If you have injured your Achilles tendon, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
Published in Blog
Monday, 15 March 2021 00:00

How to Choose Shoes for Your Toddler

There are plenty of factors to consider when buying shoes for your toddler. These include the shape of the shoes, their fastenings, flexibility, and the materials they are made of. Shoes for a toddler should be the shape of their foot, and flexible enough to provide adequate support and cushioning. They should also be made of soft, breathable materials. The fastenings on the shoes should be adjustable to help get the proper fit. As toddler’s feet grow very quickly, it is important to have their feet measured prior to trying on and buying new shoes. You should avoid buying shoes for the child to “grow into,” as wearing the wrong shoe size can lead to discomfort and injury. For more information about how to find the right shoes for your toddler, please consult with a podiatrist.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
Published in Blog
Monday, 08 March 2021 00:00

Diagnosing and Treating Sesamoiditis

Sesamoids are tiny bones that are situated in a muscle or connected to tendons. There are two tiny sesamoids in the front of the foot that provide mobility to the big toe and aid the tendons. Sesamoiditis occurs when these tendons become swollen or irritated, which can cause pain in the big toe or ball of the foot, or prevent full motion of the big toe. A podiatrist can examine your foot, and perform various tests and X-rays to help determine if you have this condition, which can be common among certain athletes and dancers. Treatment is typically non-surgical, and may include over-the-counter pain killers, resting and icing the area, taping the big toe to restrict movement, and wearing certain orthopedic pads or soft-soled shoes. If the situation persists, a short brace or steroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and help the area heal properly. Surgery to remove the sesamoid may be an option if more conservative measures fail to provide relief. If you believe you may have sesamoiditis, don’t delay in seeking professional treatment from a podiatrist.

Sesamoiditis is an unpleasant foot condition characterized by pain in the balls of the feet. If you think you’re struggling with sesamoiditis, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will treat your condition thoroughly and effectively.

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis is a condition of the foot that affects the ball of the foot. It is more common in younger people than it is in older people. It can also occur with people who have begun a new exercise program, since their bodies are adjusting to the new physical regimen. Pain may also be caused by the inflammation of tendons surrounding the bones. It is important to seek treatment in its early stages because if you ignore the pain, this condition can lead to more serious problems such as severe irritation and bone fractures.

Causes of Sesamoiditis

  • Sudden increase in activity
  • Increase in physically strenuous movement without a proper warm up or build up
  • Foot structure: those who have smaller, bonier feet or those with a high arch may be more susceptible

Treatment for sesamoiditis is non-invasive and simple. Doctors may recommend a strict rest period where the patient forgoes most physical activity. This will help give the patient time to heal their feet through limited activity. For serious cases, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine a treatment option that will help your specific needs.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sesamoiditis
Published in Blog
Monday, 01 March 2021 00:00

Common Reasons a Bunion Can Develop

A bunion is a bony protrusion that forms at the base or side of the big toe and can gradually develop for genetic reasons. Additionally, wearing shoes that do not fit correctly may also contribute to the formation of a bunion. It appears as a deformity that can cause pain and discomfort. Some patients find mild relief when a protective pad is worn over the bunion, and it may be necessary to wear orthotics. Additionally, it can help to perform specific stretches that can strengthen the toes and surrounding muscles. If you notice a bunion is developing, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer treatment options, such as surgery for permanent removal.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Published in Blog
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